Robots Rebuilding Bladders

Robots Rebuilding Bladders

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Background:

Bladder cancer is a cancerous tumor in the bladder. It is not clear what causes bladder cancer, but smoking is a huge risk factor. Bladder cancer is also linked with aging and gender. Almost nine out of 10 diagnosed with bladder cancer are older than 55. Interestingly, men are three times more likely to get bladder cancer than women. (SOURCE: http://www.roboticoncology.com/)

Types Of Bladder Cancer:

There are three main types of bladder cancer: transitional cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common form of cancer. It accounts for almost 97 out of 100 cases. Squamous cell carcinoma can form in the lining of the bladder after long-term infection or irritation. This type accounts for about two out of 100 cases of bladder cancer. Adenocarcinoma starts in gland-like cells that can form in the bladder after a lengthy infection or irritation. This type accounts for only about one out of 100 cases of bladder cancer. (SOURCE: http://www.myoptumhealth.com/portal/)

Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer:

Most symptoms of bladder cancer include: blood in urine, painful urination, urinary frequency and urgency, abdominal pain, anemia, bone pain/tenderness, fatigue or weight loss. If one has experienced any of these symptoms it's important to visit ones health care provider to get a rectal and pelvic exam. Bladder cancers are usually diagnosed by examining urine for cancer cells under a microscope or during cystoscopy – an inspection of the bladder with a slender tube equipped with a lens and a light that is inserted into a bladder through the urethra. (SOURCE: http://www.righthealth.com/)

Treatment:

Robotic surgery, largely pioneered for prostate cancer surgery, is rapidly being adapted for use in other areas, including for bladder cancer patients. Robotic-assisted surgery offers patients a cancer removal rate that's 14% higher than traditional surgery. Furthermore, you have a less risk of blood loss, a lower chance you'll need a blood transfusion and reduced scarring, minimal discomfort and less need for major pain medication. (SOURCE: http://www.news-medical.net/)

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